They were understood as “the ecclesial contrast to the frivolous spring celebrations of the revolutionaries.” Indeed, from 1830 on, May devotions were celebrated everywhere. ", "National Pet Month – promoting responsible pet ownership across the UK", "Raising awareness of Huntington's Disease", "Miles for Hope is now Brain Tumor Alliance", "Denver's Best Burgers – Celebrate National Burger Month with the Mile High City's 25 tastiest beef-and-bun combos", "Electrical Safety Foundation International", "National Foster Care Month 2015: Building Blocks Toward Permanent Families", "NATIONAL MILITARY APPRECIATION MONTH 2005", https://www.sba.gov/national-small-business-week, https://www.weather.gov/wrn/2019-social-media-hpw, https://www.fs.fed.us/fs-tags/green-office-week, https://www.walkingsa.org.au/walk/walk-event/walk-safely-school-day-2019/, "2019 Greater Victoria Bike to Work Week", "U.S. What ensued was the famous Battle of Lepanto. The interpretation of fitting Bible passages--above all the Song of Songs 2,1: “a rose of Sharon, a lily of the valleys”--led to dedicating May to Our Lady as a month of blossoms and flowers. In addition, in the Church’s Enchiridion of Indulgences, there used to be special mention of indulgences for May Marian devotions.
The origin of the conventional May devotion is still relatively unknown. She was the goddess of fertility.
In its structure, the May devotion corresponds to many elements of the Sunday devotion (or benediction): talk or sermon and/or meditation, singing – also occasionally the Psalms – litanies (mainly the Litany of Loreto) and prayers.
1. A: History – Devotion to Mary in May – or more precisely, in spring, which is also known as “May time” and is first of all the name for the season--is found already in the Middle Ages, but has nothing in common with the usual form of Marian May devotion today. In addition, when Our Lady appeared in Fatima in May 1917, she identified herself as Our Lady of the Rosary. His “spiritual May” is connected to the liturgy: Finding of the True Cross (May 3) and to the Cross or Prayer Week before the Ascension of Christ. May 1 is May Day. May (in Latin, Maius) was named for the Greek Goddess Maia, who was identified with the Roman era goddess of fertility, Bona Dea, whose festival was held in May.
New Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol.
For more on the calendar and the names of months, see A History of the New Year .
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See UD's plans for teaching, learning and research this fall with measures to promote safety and lessen the risk of COVID-19 spread. Maia (meaning "the great one") is the Italic goddess of spring, the daughter of Faunus, and wife of Vulcan. …, Author: Professor Kurt Küppers, Augsburg. In Belgium the May devotions–at least as a private devotion–were also known since already in 1803 and 1819 corresponding devotional books were published. July was originally called Quintilis, as the fifth month; August was originally called Sextilis, as the sixth month. This connection with previous household prayer proved to be significant in spreading this new form of devotion. According to Catholic Encyclopedia, “In some manuscripts of the “Transitus Mariae,” which dates from the late fifth century, three annual Marian feasts are noted, including one on “the 15th day of Iyar, corresponding more or less to May.
The book, Mary’s Month (Vienna 1837) by P. Beckx SJ contains a detailed suggestion how to celebrate May devotions in a private circle. The phrase a month of Sundays "a very long time" is from 1832 (roughly 7 and a half months but never used literally). The elements of such a home devotion were prayer and songs, the Rosary and the Litany of Loreto along with mediations occasionally from a May devotion booklet. John Henry Newman (1801-1890) also published a booklet that is still used today.]. The roots of the May devotion reach back to a Marian custom determined by devotion to the Passion, to honoring the Cross, and to prayers for good weather. Later, it became the war-god of the Egyptian king (symbolized as falcon-headed).
Steubenville, OH 43952. They held the festival for Bona Dea during the month of May. The fifth through tenth months are named, as you mentioned, for their numerical placement. Specific to this form of piety was the family’s little May altar.
June -- Juno's month Middle English jun(e) More recently, however, it is usually associated with the name of the month, which is derived from the Latin Maius (the month of Maia, the Greek mythological goddess of increase). The Arietids shower from May 22 – July 2, and peaks on June 7. May is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the third of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
Frequently extraordinary political and ecclesial happenings were the reason that May devotions were propagated with emphasis, for example during the struggle between Church and State (1872-1887, Germany’s Kulturkampf) and during both world wars. On the first Sunday of October 1571, the Christian fleet met the invading Muslims off the coast of Greece in the Gulf of Lepanto.
Petitions from the side of the faithful asked for them to be introduced. Why Do Christians Get White Stones in Heaven? In Rome by 1813, May devotions were held in as many as twenty churches.
May devotions flourished in the period described as the Marian century, namely between 1850 and 1950. 9 (Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of American, 1967) p. 368. Doré learned of this form of devotion in Italy. In summary, the decision to designate October as the month of the Rosary apparently stems from the Church’s desire to extend its thanksgiving to Our Lady for victory in the Battle of Lepanto from one Sunday to a whole month. The development of the calendrical meaning for words from this root in Greek (mēn) and Latin (mensis) was accompanied by the creation of new words for "moon" (selēnē, luna). Special devotions to the Virgin Mary take place in May. In Germany above all, particularly in the dioceses of the Rhine and Frankish areas a petition devotion, the so-called “May Prayer,” developed in connection with the custom of giving a weather blessing in many places on the Finding of the True Cross. Mayovka, in the context of the late Russian Empire, was a picnic in the countryside or in a park in the early days of May, hence the name. Therefore, May in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of November in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa.
Ludi Fabarici was celebrated on May 29 – June 1. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar. Meanwhile renewed interest is surfacing for this type of devotion. The core of the May Prayer was the request for a good harvest: The blossoms should be protected from harm and be able to mature to fruit. Mark the return of spring by bringing in branches of forsythia, lilacs, or other flowering shrubs from your region. According to the wish of the council, the liturgical year shall be so ordered that “the original character of the time is preserved” (SC 107). If you have further questions on this or would like more information about Catholics United for the Faith, please contact us at 1-800-MY-FAITH (693-2484). No month starts or ends on the same day of the week as May in any year. Dan Burke. When did the Church decide to set aside these two months as the months of Mary?
Along with the family, neighbors and friends were to gather in a home and hold the devotion together. The Queenship of Mary has been moved to August 22. As Christians all over Europe prayed for Our Lady’s intercession, the Turks surrounded the Christian ships. The Romans called the month Maius.
During the changes and renewal phases of the Second Vatican Council Marian devotions along with other forms of popular piety disappeared. Many bishops gave a clear sign of their approval by actively participating in celebrations. List of observances set by the Bahá'í calendar, List of observances set by the Chinese calendar, List of observances set by the Hebrew calendar, List of observances set by the Islamic calendar, List of observances set by the Solar Hijri calendar, North American Occupational Safety and Health Week, Occupational Safety and Health Professional Day, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Defender of the Fatherland Day (Kazakhstan), Time of Remembrance and Reconciliation for Those Who Lost Their Lives during the Second World War, International Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Awareness Day, International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia, Day of Remembrance of Crimean Tatar genocide, Revival, Unity, and Poetry of Magtymguly Day, Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day, National Asian & Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development, International Day for Biological Diversity, Translation of the Relics of Saint Nicholas from Myra to Bari, Bulgarian Education and Culture and Slavonic Literature Day, Saints Cyril and Methodius, Slavonic Enlighteners' Day, International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, Anniversary of Royal Brunei Malay Regiment, "What Can I Do for May Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Awareness Month? Noteworthy Dates. History: The month of May was named for the Greek goddess Maia. Finally, Catholic Encyclopedia adds that “the practice of reciting the Rosary every day during the month of October can hardly be said to be older than the Rosary Encyclicals of Leo XIII.”, I hope this answers your question. The Romans had a similar goddess named Bona Dea. It was a name for a person born or baptized in the month of May. In 1747 the Archbishop of Genoa recommended the May devotion as a devotion for the home. All About Mary includes a variety of content, much of which reflects the expertise, interpretations and opinions of the individual authors and not necessarily of the Marian Library or the University of Dayton. In Luxembourg May received an additional imprint through the annual Mary octave in honor of her as “Consolation of the Afflicted.
In addition to the specially decorated May altar there was above all the effort to have many “highpoints.” The chief point in this celebration of the May devotion is reached in the exposition of the Blessed Sacrament--very much in the sense of a still typical Baroque piety. [Note: In some European areas on rogation days associated with the Ascension there are to this day processions to the fields and orchards for prayer and a blessing for the crops.]. A Marian aspect to this prayer was entirely foreign.
Please keep us in your prayers as we endeavor to “support, defend, and advance the efforts of the teaching Church.”, Thomas J. Nash The many and various forms of Marian devotion contain–as does piety itself–that which fits to the times and that which is timeless. In the Canton of Glarus the Capuchin monastery Näfels was the transmitting center of the May devotion from 1852 on. A number of traditions link the month of May to Mary. Tubilustrium took place on May 23 as well as in March.
Origin of the name May: Originally used as a pet form of Mary and Margaret (pearl). . In Hawaii, May 1 is celebrated as Lei Day. After poor harvests at the beginning of the eighteenth century, corresponding prayers were introduced around 1720 in the dioceses of Trier, Mainz, Worms, Speyer, as well as Würzburg and Bamberg. … Also in Luxembourg sometime around 1840 May devotions were known. © Copyright 2020 Catholic Exchange.
May 31 is now the feast of the Visitation of Mary.
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