pear types

Ripe Anjous will drip if you eat them out of hand, so be sure to have a napkin ready! The pear tree was an object of particular veneration (as was the Walnut) in the Tree worship of the Nakh peoples of the North Caucasus – see Vainakh mythology and see also Ingushetia – the best-known of the Vainakh peoples today being the Chechens of Chechnya. Because pears ripen from the inside out, the best way to judge ripeness is to "check the neck": apply gentle thumb pressure to the neck or stem end of the pear. LEARN MORE. Conversely, if you want to serve elegant poached pears or a pear tart with pretty slices showing, turn to another pear. Since 1995, Epicurious has been the ultimate food resource for the home cook, with daily kitchen tips, fun cooking videos, and, oh yeah, over 33,000 recipes. If you want to make pear sauce or pear butter, Bartletts are the pears for you, as they turn to mush at the slightest mention of heat. The juice can also be used in jellies and jams, usually in combination with other fruits, including berries. The pear: the kind of fruit that’s heavenly when ripe and like a sad, tannic apple when not. Seckel pears are available from August into December. To revisit this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories. Pearwood is the favored wood for architect's rulers because it does not warp. Pears and apples cannot always be distinguished by the form of the fruit;[3] some pears look very much like some apples, e.g. They are juicy, smooth, and don't brown too much when cut, so they're great eating pears like Comice pears, yet their dense flesh holds its shape when cooked like Bosc pears, so they work well as poached pears or in pear tarts. [22] Refrigeration will slow further ripening. The Willow-leaved pear (Pyrus salicifolia) is grown for its attractive, slender, densely silvery-hairy leaves. Like Seckels, they are an excellent snacking fruit because of their size. The texture is somewhat different, though. Use them to make desserts like a pear tart. [2] Like that of the related apple, the pear fruit is a pome, in most wild species 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 in) diameter, but in some cultivated forms up to 18 cm (7.1 in) long and 8 cm (3.1 in) broad; the shape varies in most species from oblate or globose, to the classic pyriform "pear shape" of the European pear with an elongated basal portion and a bulbous end. The pear was also cultivated by the Romans, who ate the fruits raw or cooked, just like apples. They can be a pretty green color but some turn a more golden color when ripe. Over 3000 cultivars of the pear are known. The word pear is probably from Germanic pera as a loanword of Vulgar Latin pira, the plural of pirum, akin to Greek apios (from Mycenaean ápisos),[1] of Semitic origin (pirâ), meaning "fruit". Lincoln[25] describes it as "a fairly tough, very stable wood... (used for) carving... brushbacks, umbrella handles, measuring instruments such as set squares and T-squares... recorders... violin and guitar fingerboards and piano keys... decorative veneering."

Characteristics: Comice pears come in both red and green varieties. As with all fruit, look for Bartletts that feel heavy for their size. Three species account for the vast majority of edible fruit production, the European pear Pyrus communis subsp. The flowers are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink, 2–4 centimetres (1–1 1⁄2 in) diameter, and have five petals. Other species are used as rootstocks for European and Asian pears and as ornamental trees. By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Eating and Baking Pears: When to Use Which Pear, Chirimoyas, Cherimoyas, or Custard Apples, A Simple Guide to Tomato Varieties by Color. A striking 80 percent of pear trees in the United States are grown in the Pacific Northwest, where moist, volcanic soil and temperate summers provide ideal growing conditions. pyraster and P. c. subsp. The leaves are alternately arranged, simple, 2–12 cm (0.79–4.72 in) long, glossy green on some species, densely silvery-hairy in some others; leaf shape varies from broad oval to narrow lanceolate. They are so good raw that there is no real need to cook Asian pears, but if you have a glut of them, know that they work wonderfully in tarts and crisps, like this Asian Pear Crisp. Concorde pears have beautiful long, tapered necks. Bartletts used to make up most of America's pear production (they have since given way to Anjou and Boscs), and they are still the most popular variety in the country. For the ambitious, however, you can try growing your own pear tree right in your backyard. For new varieties the flowers can be cross-bred to preserve or combine desirable traits. To revisit this article, select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories.
Use the Bartlett when baking.

'A Partridge in a Pear Tree' is the first gift in "The Twelve Days of Christmas" cumulative song. The pear tree and shrub are a species of genus Pyrus /ˈpaɪrəs/, in the family Rosaceae, bearing the pomaceous fruit of the same name. communis cultivated mainly in Europe and North America, the Chinese white pear (bai li) Pyrus × bretschneideri, and the Nashi pear Pyrus pyrifolia (also known as Asian pear or apple pear), both grown mainly in eastern Asia. Buena Luisa de Avranches: Pear of good size and pear-shaped. They will have some give if squeezed when ripe, but avoid checking them too much since they bruise easily. [21] Ripe pears are optimally stored refrigerated, uncovered in a single layer, where they have a shelf life of 2 to 3 days.[21]. The pear's white flesh is sweet, crisp, and firm to the touch.

Asian pears do not change color after being harvested, whereas some European ones do. There are ten varieties of USA Pears each with its own distinctive color, flavor, and texture. To ripen them at home, put hard fruit in a punctured paper bag and keep it at room temperature until the fruit is aromatic and gives slightly when pressed with your thumb.
Never pinch or poke pears with your fingers to test for ripeness, since it will in all likelihood bruise the fruit. There are over 5,000 pear varieties grown throughout the world, and distinctions are usually made between Asian, European and American cultivars. They look luscious in spring when they are in full bloom, then have a fresh appeal during summer when they are densely packed with vibrant green leaves. Concorde pears can be completely green or develop a red or russet blush, which is a sign of sun exposure, not ripeness. They look more like apples than pears, too. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. If it is firm, leave the pear at room temperature and check daily for ripeness. )", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Beth' (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Concorde' PBR (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Conference' (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Pyrus communis 'Joséphine de Malines' (D) AGM / RHS Gardening", "Production of pears in 2018, Crops/Regions/World Regions/Production Quantity by picklists", Canadian Produce Marketing Association > Home Storage Guide for Fresh Fruits & Vegetables,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from November 2018, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from November 2018, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 20:07. Anjous can be green or red (which are often labeled "Red Anjou"), but the color doesn't indicate any major flavor or texture difference, and they can be used interchangeably in recipes. Green Anjou. Pear wood is close-grained and at least in the past was used as a specialized timber for fine furniture and making the blocks for woodcuts. Blanca de Aranjuez (Blanquilla): it is the first national variety of pears. A species grown in western China, P. sinkiangensis, and P. pashia, grown in southern China and south Asia, are also produced to a lesser degree. Summer and autumn cultivars of Pyrus communis, being climacteric fruits, are gathered before they are fully ripe, while they are still green, but snap off when lifted. Green Anjous stay green, even when fully ripened. Visit your local garden nursery or try an online nursery that specializes in fruit trees, such as Adams County Nursery. Bosc pears are crisp when raw and hold their shape beautifully when cooked.


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